IELTS academic reading 2

IELTS academic reading 2

Welcome to your IELTS academic reading 2

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<p><strong>             Collecting as a hobby<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />Collecting must be one of the most varied of human activities, and it’s one that many of us psychologist finds fascinating. Many forms of collecting have been dignified with a technical name an archtophilist collects teddy bears, a philatelist collects postage stamps, and a deltiologist collects postcards, chocolate wrappers or whatever, takes time, energy and money that could surely be put to much more productive use. And yet there are millions of collectors around the world. Why do they do it?<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />There are the people who collect because they want to make money-this could be called an instrumental reason for collecting; that is collecting as a means to an end. They’ll look for, say antiques that they  can buy cheaply and expect to be able to sell at a profit. But there may well be a psychological element, too- buying cheap and selling dear can give collector a sense of triumph. And as selling online is so easy more, and more people are joining in.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />Many collectors collect to develop their social life, attending meetings of a group of collectors and exchanging information of items. This is a variant on joining a bridge club or a gym and similarly brings them into contact with like-minded people.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />Another motive for collecting is the desire to find something special, or a particular example of the collected item, such as a rare recording by a particular singer.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />Some may spend their whole lives in hunt for this. Psychologically this can give a purpose to a life that otherwise feels aimless. There is a danger, though, that if the individual is ever lucky enough to find that they are looking for , rather than celebrating their success, they may feel empty now, now that the goal they drove then on has gone.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />If you think about collecting postage stamps, another potential reason for it-or perhaps, a result of collecting-is its educational value. Stamp collecting opens a window to other countries, and to the plants, animals, or famous people shown on their stamps, Similarly in the 19 century, many collectors amassed fossils, animals and plants from around the globe, and their collections provided a vast amount of information about the world. Without those collections our understanding would be greatly inferior to what it is.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />In the past and nowadays, too, though to a lesser extent- a popular form of collecting, particularly among boys and men, was trainspotting. This might involve trying to see every locomotive of a particular type, using published data that identifies each one and ticking off each engine as it is seen. Trains potters exchange information these days often by mobile phone, so they can work out where to go to, to see a particular engine. As a by product, many practitioners of the hobby become very knowledgeable about railway operations, or the technical specifications of different engine types.<br /><br /><br /><br />Similarly people who collects dolls may go beyond simply enlarging their collection, and develop an interest in the way that dolls are made, or the materials that are used. These have changed over the centuries from the wood that was standard in 16th century Europe, through the wax and porcelain of later centuries, to the plastics of today’s dolls. Or collectors might be inspired to Collecting as a hobby<br />Collecting must be one of the most varied of human activities, and it’s one that many of us psychologist finds fascinating. Many forms of collecting have been dignified with a technical name an archtophilist collects teddy bears, a philatelist collects postage stamps, and a deltiologist collects postcards, chocolate wrappers or whatever, takes time, energy and money that could surely be put to much more productive use. And yet there are millions of collectors around the world. Why do they do it?<br />There are the people who collect because they want to make money-this could be called an instrumental reason for collecting; that is collecting as a means to an end. They’ll look for, say antiques that they can buy cheaply and expect to be able to sell at a profit. But there may well be a psychological element, too- buying cheap and selling dear can give collector a sense of triumph. And as selling online is so easy more, and more people are joining in.<br />Many collectors collect to develop their social life, attending meetings of a group of collectors and exchanging information of items. This is a variant on joining a bridge club or a gym and similarly brings them into contact with like-minded people.<br />Another motive for collecting is the desire to find something special, or a particular example of the collected item, such as a rare recording by a particular singer.<br />Some may spend their whole lives in hunt for this. Psychologically this can give a purpose to a life that otherwise feels aimless. There is a danger, though, that if the individual is ever lucky enough to find that they are looking for , rather than celebrating their success, they may feel empty now, now that the goal they drove then on has gone.<br />If you think about collecting postage stamps, another potential reason for it-or perhaps, a result of collecting-is its educational value. Stamp collecting opens a window to other countries, and to the plants, animals, or famous people shown on their stamps, Similarly in the 19 century, many collectors amassed fossils, animals and plants from around the globe, and their collections provided a vast amount of information about the world. Without those collections our understanding would be greatly inferior to what it is.<br />In the past and nowadays, too, though to a lesser extent- a popular form of collecting, particularly among boys and men, was trainspotting. This might involve trying to see every locomotive of a particular type, using published data that identifies each one and ticking off each engine as it is seen. Trains potters exchange information these days often by mobile phone, so they can work out where to go to, to see a particular engine. As a by product, many practitioners of the hobby become very knowledgeable about railway operations, or the technical specifications of different engine types.<br />Similarly people who collects dolls may go beyond simply enlarging their collection, and develop an interest in the way that dolls are made, or the materials that are used. These have changed over the centuries from the wood that was standard in 16th century Europe, through the wax and porcelain of study how dolls reflect notions of what children like, or ought to like.<br />Not all collectors are interested in learning from their hobby, though, so what we might call a psychological reason for collecting is the need for a sense of controls, perhaps as a way of dealing with insecurity. Stamp collectors, for instance, arrange their stamps in albums, usually very neatly, organizing their collection, according to certain commonplace principles- perhaps by country in alphabetical order, or grouping stamps by what they depict people, birds, maps, and so on<br />One reason, conscious or not, for what someone chooses to collect is to show the collectors individualism. Someone who decided to collect something’s as unexpected as dog dollars, for instance, may be conveying their belief that they must be interesting themselves. And believe it or not, there is at least one dog collar museum in existence, it grew out of a personal collection.<br />Of course, all hobbies give pleasure but the common factor is collecting is usually passion: pleasure is putting it far too mildly. More than most other hobbies, collecting can be totally engrossing, can give a strong of personal fulfillment. To non- collectors it may appear an eccentric. If harmless, way of spending time, but potentially, collecting has a lot of going for it.<br />Choose one word only from the passage for each answer<br />1. The writer mentions collecting……………………….. as an example of collecting in order to make money.                  </strong></p>
2. Collectors may get a feeling of…………………….. from buying and selling items
3. Collectors clubs provide opportunities to share……………………..
4. Collectors clubs offer…………………. With people who have similar interests.
5. Collecting sometimes involves a life long………………….. for a special item.
6. Searching for something particular may prevent people from feeling their life is completely…………………
7. Stamp collecting may be………………. Because it provides fact about different countries.
8. …………………tends to be mostly a male hobby.
Questions 9 to 13
Do the following statements agrees with the information give the passage
True if the statement agrees the information
False if the statement contradicts the information
Not given If there is no information on this

9. The number of people buying dolls has grown over the centuries
10. Sixteenth century European dolls were normally made of wax
11. Arranging a stamp collection by the size of the stamps is less common than other methods
12. Someone who collects unusual objects may want others to think he or she is also unusual
13. Collecting gives a feeling that other hobbies are unlikely to inspire